US construction employment figures saw a modest increase in September, mostly in the housing sector, highlighting a growing disparity between the of health of American residential and nonresidential building.
According to an analysis of government data by the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC), September construction employment increased by 26,000 jobs to a total of 7,245,000, but the gains were concentrated in housing, while employment in the infrastructure and nonresidential building construction sector remained little changed.
Association officials said the pandemic was prompting strong demand for new housing as more Americans work from home, while undermining private-sector development of office, retail and other types of projects and forcing many local and state governments to cut construction budgets.
“Construction is becoming steadily more split between a robust residential component and generally stagnant private nonresidential and public construction activity,” said Ken Simonson, the association’s chief economist, noting that in the three months since June, residential construction employment has increased nearly 3% while nonresidential employment has slipped 0.2%.
“As project cancellations mount, so too will job losses on the nonresidential side unless the federal government provides funding for infrastructure and relief for contractors,” he states.
The AGC of America-Autodesk Workforce Survey, released last month, found that 38% of respondents - whose firms perform all types of nonresidential construction - expect it will take more than six months for their firm’s volume of business to return to normal, relative to a year earlier. That percentage topped the 29% who reported business was already at or above year-ago levels.
A likely reason for the more pessimistic outlook is the rapid increase in postponed or canceled projects, Simonson says, noting that the latest survey found 60% of firms report a scheduled project has been postponed or canceled, compared to 12% that had won new or additional work as a result of the pandemic.
The employment pickup in September was mainly in homebuilding, home improvement and a portion of nonresidential construction, Simonson says. There was a rise of 22,100 jobs in residential construction employment, comprising residential building (6,600) and residential specialty trade contractors (15,500). There was a gain of 4,000 jobs in nonresidential construction employment, covering nonresidential building (5,300), specialty trades (2,100) and heavy and civil engineering construction (-3,400).
The industry’s unemployment rate in September was 7.1% with 700,000 former construction workers idled. These figures were more than double the September 2019 figures of 3.2% and 319,000 workers, respectively.
Association officials report that nonresidential construction was likely to continue to stagnate while the pandemic persists without new additional federal coronavirus recovery measures. Those recovery measures must include liability protections for businesses that are protecting workers from the coronavirus, new infrastructure investments and funding for depleted state and local construction budgets.
“Until businesses are confident enough to invest in new development projects and state and local governments are able to invest in public works, the commercial construction sector will not be able to fully recover,” says Stephen E. Sandherr, chief executive officer of AGC. “Protecting honest employers, improving our infrastructure and helping state and local officials fix schools and improve other public facilities will create the jobs people need and the momentum our economy requires.”
US construction employment rebounded by 464,000 jobs in May, but the total remained 596,000 below the latest peak in February and the industry’s 12.7% unemployment rate was the highest for May since 2012, according to an analysis of government data by the AGC.