China’s biggest TBM
By Andy Brown15 October 2020
A mega slurry tunnel boring machine (TBM) with a maximum excavation diameter of 16.07m has been produced by China Railway Construction Heavy Industry (CRCHI) for use on the construction of Beijing East 6th Ring Road Tunnel in China.
The slurry TBM, named Jinghua, is 150m long, weighs 4,300 tonnes and is higher than a five-storey building.
A TBM with a diameter of 12m and above is usually classified as a mega-sized TBM. Mega TBM’s integrate sophisticated technologies including mechanics, electric, hydraulic, sensing and optics.
The Beijing East 6th Ring Road Reconstruction Project is a 16km long road between the Beijing-Harbin Expressway and the North Luyuan Avenue, including a widened section and a tunnel section. There are two tunnels on the main line, totalling 9,160m, of which 7,338m is to be constructed using a mechanised shield machine.
Its geology is mainly composed of sandy soil, water-rich and high-density sand and interactive layers of silt and cohesive soil. The project faces construction difficulties, such as a large excavation diameter and distance and complicated geological conditions.
The slurry TBM is equipped with a number of core technologies including: free air cutter change, telescopic main drive, handling of heavy-duty segments, efficient and high-power slurry circulation system, and high-precision pressure balance control of the tunnel face.
Innovations on the machine are said to include segment ring convergence measurement, concurrent grouting of A+B components and a slurry pipe extension system with three-way blocker, which guarantees high efficiency and green construction.
Since July 2020, CRCHI has manufactured two mega 15m diameter slurry TBMs which will be used in the construction of Genshan Road and Xiasha Road tunnels in Hangzhou, China. Another 15m slurry TBM is being manufactured, which will be used in the construction of crossing river passage in Changsha, China.